What to Do About Divisions in the Church


I am currently preaching through the book of 1 Corinthians. One thing I have noticed thus far is that the Corinthians were a messed up, unhealthy church. Idolatry, sexual immorality, worldly wisdom, and divisions are just a few of the things you find consuming them.

A Church Divided

One of the first topics Paul deals with is divisions. The church had divided into personality factions.

What I mean is that each one of you says, ‘I follow Paul,’ or ‘I follow Apollos,’ or ‘I follow Cephas,’ or ‘I follow Christ.’” (1 Cor. 1:12)

Some in the church attached themselves to Paul, some to Apollos, others to Cephas (Peter), and still others to Christ. They each championed and bragged about their leader, even quarreling with one another at times over whose faction was superior.

As you could imagine, these factions killed church unity and damaged their ability to accomplish their mission — to make disciples.

Divisions Today

The Corinthians aren’t the only church to divide. Churches divide today and for a number of reasons.

(1) Personality Factions

One story I heard started with the deacons deciding they didn’t like the Pastor. They thought he was trying to change the church too much. Instead of seeing the value in what he was doing, they sought to get rid of him.

When they told the pastor their desire, he decided it would be better to resign instead of fighting with the deacons and causing the church to divide over whether he should stay or not. In his mind, he thought it would lessen the controversy, but it didn’t. Instead it sparked one.

The next Sunday at church husband and wives, friends and relatives were divided against each other. Instead of having service, they had a church wide “discussion” that ended with two of the Deacon’s wives fighting each other at the front of the church.

(2) Politics

Republicans don’t associate with Democrats and Democrats don’t associate with Republicans. As well as people divide over other individual political issues. Some like abortion and the sanctity of marriage are legitimate, but there are other smaller issues people divide over that they probably shouldn’t.

(3) How church should be done

What I have in mind are “worship wars”. Let’s face it everyone has their musical preference. Some prefer a more traditional approach, others a contemporary one. Still others like a blend of each. Instead of seeing the value of all, a lot of folks will take a hard and fast line and divide.

(4) The Decorations in the Church

You would be amazed as to how many fights start over something as simple as the color of the carpet or the paint on the wall, or even the placement of a flower arrangement.

The Root Cause of Divisions

The above are just a few reasons churches divide, there are many more, but if we are going to find a solution, we need to know what is at the root of these divisions, so we can attack and kill it.

I believe our sinful desire for power, control, and praise are at the root of most church divisions. Think about it. Does the color of the carpet or walls really matter? As long as it’s not something that blinds you when you walk it, is it really something worth dividing over? Likewise, does it really matter where the flower arrangement is placed?

No, none of those things matter because none of those things are going to hinder the gospel from being communicated. But people fight over them all the time. They do so because they want to be in control, and they want the power to determine what happens in the church.

As well as people attach themselves to certain personalities because they like the status it affords them. People want to be able to say, “I follow Paul” so I must be better than you.

3 Ways to Fix Divisions

We all know divisions are damaging to the church and must be fixed. Let me offer 3 ways to fix divisions.

(1) Realize we are all on the same team, working toward the same goal.

At the end of verse 10 Paul tells the Corinthians his desire is for them to “be united in the same mind and the same judgment” (1 Cor. 1:10b).

When Paul says that, he doesn’t mean we are all to think the same exact way about everything. Instead, what he wants is for us to put aside our competitive spirit, realize we are on the same team, and be in one accord, so we can work toward the same goal — to make disciples. Church then shouldn’t be about our power, control, or praise. Instead it should be about Jesus.

(2) Remember our need for Jesus

In verse 13 Paul says,

Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?” (1 Cor. 1:13)

Paul wants all of us to see we are sinners who need a Savior because we all have rebelled against God and deserve to be punished for our rebellion.

Realizing we are all sinners who need Jesus, should help us to see we all are in the same boat. That realization should humble us. It should kill our pride, and destroy anything inside of us that thinks we are better than another person.

(3) Realize we are all apart of the same family

Consistently throughout chapter’s 1-3 Paul uses the term “brothers”. Starting in chapter verse 10 of chapter 1 he says, “I appeal to you, brothers,” (1 Cor. 1:10a). Then later he says, “Chloe’s people [have reported] that there is quarreling among you, my brothers.” (1 Cor. 1:11b). Then in verses 26, 2:1, and 3:1 he also uses the term “brothers”.

Paul uses the term “brothers” over and over to drive home the point that we are all apart of the same family. Families are supposed to work together as one unit, caring for and loving one another, not dividing and devouring one another.


As believers in Christ, we should do everything we can to heal any divisions we may be experiencing. We should do that because we are all One in Christ and we should all be working toward the same goal — to make disciples and glorify Jesus.

So don’t divide against another. Instead work to heal any divisions you may be experiencing so we as a church can more effectively accomplish Jesus’ commission to us — to make disciples.


Post adapted from my sermon: A Church Divided and What to Do About It


4 thoughts on “What to Do About Divisions in the Church

  1. Jamie Carter

    One thing my book pointed our was that there were language barriers in 1 Corinthians, Aramaic, Greek, Latin. The divisions were cultural, each had it’s own interpretation. Much as a person from America and Thailand would have different interpretations, the danger is that we surround ourselves with like-minded people who always agree that we’re always right. Diversity of interpretation does not mean that one is correct and all others are incorrect.

    1. Jamie,

      I am not sure which book you are reading, but I don’t agree with its interpretive method. I believe there is only one correct interpretation of any given Scripture. Diverse interpretation may occur if there are multiple options in the text as to how you may take the Greek or Hebrew, but only one of those interpretations are actually right. We may not know which one is right until we get to heaven, but only one is right.

      If you say you can have multiple interpretations of Scripture and all are right, you run the risk of contradiction and confusion. As well as you are playing into our cultures idea of everything being relative. What is true for you is true for you but not for me. If that is the case, no one can be held accountable, and we can easily change the Bible’s message because it doesn’t agree with us.

      But here is the thing, you really have no religion at all if it can’t disagree with you. All you have is your own opinions.

      Thanks for the comment. Happy to dialogue more if you would like.



  2. It is difficult to guard against these divisions within a local body of believers, even more so when we consider the reality that the Body of Christ is larger than our individual congregation. I hadn’t read this blog when I posted on the same text yesterday from a different concern, that of the wider Body of Christ coming together in Him in Fellowship. Great post, Casey.

    1. Yes, I agree with you. It is hard to guard against these in a local congregation. It takes a lot of work. Even more so at the universal church level. I will have to check out your post as well. Pretty cool we posted on the same thing right around the same time.

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